# What Is The Meaning Of Cbm In Shipping? How To Calculate Cbm?

PIECESLENGHT (cm)WIDTH (cm)HEIGHT (cm)CBM
TYPE OF TRANSPORTCHARGEABL WEIGHT KGS
AIR FREIGHT (1 CUBIC METER = 167 KGS) 0
SEA FREIGHT (1 CUBIC METER = 1.000 KGS) 0
ROAD FREIGHT (1 CUBIC METER = 250 KGS) 0
ROAD FREIGHT (1 CUBIC METER = 300 KGS) 0
ROAD FREIGHT (1 CUBIC METER = 333 KGS) 0

## Chargeable weight

The two main factors that affect the final cost of a shipment are the weight and the volume occupied. In the field of transport and logistics the parameter to be used to calculate the rates is the weight / volume ratio, different for each type of transport (air, sea, land). For example, in the field of road transportation the ratio of 1: 300 is considered as a reference, i.e. it is assumed that a cubic meter of goods weights 300 kg.

Transport rates are calculated based on the greater of the total weight or actual weight of the total volume (called also “taxable”) of all the packages part of a shipment. The taxable weight is calculated by multiplying the volume of the package with the weight-volume ratio considered by the type of transportation.

###  Airfreight

EQUIVALENCE : 1 CBM = 167 KGEXAMPLEN. 8 packages, total weight kg. 450, dimensions of each package 75 x 65 x 80 cm.The volume of the shipment is 8 x 75 x 65 x 80 = 3.12 m3The taxable weight is then 3,12 m3 x 167 = 521 kg > 450 kgThe shipment cost will be calculated on the chargeable weight of 521 kg.

###  Seafreight

EQUIVALENCE: 1 CBM = 1.000 KGEXAPLEN. 10 packages, total weight kg. 3.500, dimensions of each package 120 x 100 x 80 cm.The volume of the shipment is 10 x 120 x 100 x 80 = 9.60 m3The taxable weight is then 9.60 m3 x 1,000 = 9,600 kg > 3,500 kgThe shipment cost will be calculated on the chargeable weight of 9.600 kg

###  Roadfreight

National

EQUIVALENCE: 1 CBM = 300 KGEXAMPLEN. 6 packages, total weight kg. 550, dimensions of each package 120 x 75 x 80 cm.The volume of shipment is 6 x 120 x 75 x 80 = 4.32 m3The peso tassabile is then 4.32 m3 x 300 = 1,296 kg > 550 kgThe shipment cost will be calculated on the chargeable weight of 1,296 kg

International

EQUIVALENCE: 1 CBM = 333 KGEXAMPLEN. 6 packages, total weight kg. 1,550, dimensions of each package 120 x 75 x 80 cm.The volume of shipment is 6 x 120 x 75 x 80 = 4.32 m3The taxable weight is then 4.32 m3 x 333 = 1,439 kg The shipment cost sarà quindi calcolato sui 1,550 kg di peso effettivo

In order to calculate the weight of the road transportation is also considered the table of equivalence by linear meter of floor.

WEIGHT (KG) LINEAR METER (LDM)
1.500 / 1.750 2
3.000 / 3.500 3
4.500 / 5.250 4
6.000 / 7.000 5
7.500 / 8.750 6
9.000 / 10.500 7
10.500 / 12.250 8
12.000 / 14.000 9
13.500 / 15.750 10
15.000 / 17.500 11
16.500 / 19.250 12
18.000 / 21.000 13.6
20.000 / 22.750 13.6

Kerry Logistics Europe: portal.eu.kerrylogistics.com/

Kerry Logistics Corporate: www.kerrylogistics.com

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